triborough bridge and tunnel authority
 In return, Ickes assured Moses of Tuttle's full cooperation.  Additional funding came from toll collection: the toll was initially set at 25 cents per passenger car, with lower rates for motorcycles and higher rates for commercial vehicles.  The projected completion of the Triborough Bridge in July 1936 was expected to relieve traffic on highways in the New York City area, and with the upcoming 1939 New York World's Fair being held in Queens, it would also provide a new fast route to the fairground at Flushing Meadows–Corona Park.  George Gordon Battle, a Tammany Hall attorney, was appointed as chairman of the new authority, and three commissioners were appointed.  The towers are 210 feet (64 m) above mean high water. Bridge", "U-Haul Abandoned on R.F.K.-Triborough Bridge", "Anchorage Work Is Critical Component of Triborough Bridge Major Rehab Project", "Two Capital Improvement Projects At Flagship Robert F. Kennedy Bridge Underway", "RFK Bridge Gets $1 B Capital Improvement, Project To Take 15 Years; GAHS 75th Anniversary Photo Exhibit", "RFK-Triborough Bridge Will No Longer Accept Cash Starting June 15", "New RFK Bridge Exit Ramp to E125th Street Opens Ahead of Schedule", "17,000 Vehicles A Day Will Be Diverted From East Harlem Streets With A New Ramp By 2021", "New Ramp to Connect RFK with Harlem River Drive", "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting February 2020", "Appendix E: History and Projection of Traffic, Toll Revenues and Expenses and Review of Physical Conditions of the Facilities of Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority", "Rules and Regulations Governing the Use of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Facilities", "Robert F. Kennedy Bridge Pedestrian Walkway", "Connector Between Randalls Island and Bronx Is to Open This Summer", "Long-Awaited Randall's Island Connector to Open This Weekend", "New subways: proposed additions to rapid transit system to cost $218,000,000 ...", "Drivers Give Passing Grade To E-Z Pass In Major Test", "Automatic Tolls to Replace Gates at 9 NYC Spans: Cuomo", "MTA rolls out cashless toll schedule for bridges, tunnels", "25-Cent Auto Fee Set For Triborough Bridge", "Triborough Tolls Cause Snarls Inside and Outside Cars", "Tolls Are Raised For Two Tunnels And Six Bridges; Will Affect Four Boroughs --Some Trips to Cost $1 Expected to Yield $33 Million Verrazano-Narrows Is Exempt M.T.A.  The total length of the bridge is 2,780 feet (847 m), and the deck is 98 feet (30 m) wide.  Although I-278 is signed as a west-east highway, the orientation of I-278 on the bridge is closer to a north-south alignment, with the southbound roadway carrying westbound traffic, and the northbound roadway carrying eastbound traffic.  The Queens Chamber of Commerce also favored setting up tolls on the bridge to pay for its construction. Seven tollbooths were added, three at the Manhattan span's toll plaza and four at the Queens/Bronx spans' toll plaza, and several ramps were widened at a cost of $20 million.  However, when Mayor Walker resigned suddenly in September 1932, his successor Joseph V. McKee refused to seek RFC or other federal aid for the two projects, stating, "If we go to Washington for funds to complete the Triborough Bridge [...] where would we draw the line?  When the construction of the Triborough Bridge was paused in 1932 due to lack of funding, the suspension span was downsized to a single deck.  The Triborough Bridge opened to the general public at 1:30 p.m., and by that midnight an estimated 200,000 people had visited the bridge via car, bus, or foot.  In April, a new plan was approved that would reduce the bridge's cost from $51 million to $42 million so the subsidy could pay for the bridge's entire cost.  With a 16-lane capacity, the span would have been able to carry 40 million vehicles a year, but this was not projected to be reached until forty years after the bridge's opening.  Queens borough president Harvey also went to the RFC to ask for funding for the bridge. , The interchange plaza connects with the over-water spans via a three-legged concrete viaduct that has a total length of more than 2.5 miles (4.0 km).  The PWA had finished giving out the $35 million loan by February 1937, and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation had sold the last of the TBA's funds that July. , A contract to build the suspension anchorage on Wards Island was awarded in January 1931. , The 300-by-84-foot superstructure of the Harlem River lift span was assembled in Weehawken, New Jersey.  Families living in the path of the bridge's approaches protested against the eviction notices given to them.  The ceremony for the Triborough Bridge was held at the interchange plaza, and was attended by President Roosevelt, Mayor La Guardia, Governor Lehman, PWA administrator Ickes, and Postmaster General James A. Farley, who all gave speeches. E-ZPass users with transponders issued by the New York E‑ZPass Customer Service Center pay $6.12 per car or $2.66 per motorcycle.  Robert Moses, the Long Island state parks commissioner, wanted to expand Grand Central Parkway from its western terminus at the time, Union Turnpike in Kew Gardens, Queens, northwest to the proposed bridge.  Though Queens borough president Harvey objected to the impending postponement of the bridge's construction, the project was still included in the $213 million worth of budget cuts. This required the destruction of the building's original towers. .  Civic groups also advocated for the city to apply for RFC funding.  The first of two approach highways in the Bronx was approved late in 1936; it connected to the West Bronx, following the present route of the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87) northwest to the intersection of 138th Street and Grand Concourse, where there were flyover ramps connecting to the Grand Concourse.  City comptroller Charles W. Berry had stated in February 1930 that the city was in sound financial condition, even though other large cities were nearing bankruptcy. , The spinning of the main span's suspension cables was finished in July 1935.  After O'Leary's removal, Ickes gave the city $1.5 million toward the bridge's construction. , Plans for an expressway to connect to the bridge's Queens end were also filed in July 1930. Queens Midtown Tunnel. , In the 1920s, John F. Hylan proposed building the Triborough Bridge as part of his planned Independent Subway System. The project also added a direct ramp from the Manhattan span to the southbound lanes of Second Avenue in East Harlem. The Triborough Bridge, a toll bridge, carries Interstate 278 (I-278) as well as the unsigned highway New York State Route 900G. , When the Triborough Bridge opened, it had a combined 22 tollbooths spread across two toll plazas.  Less than a week afterward, the first temporary wires were strung between the two towers of the suspension span, marking the future locations of that span's main cables. The Manhattan span was planned to connect to the East River Drive (now the FDR Drive), the first segments of which were still under construction. Use of a moveable barrier will enable full normal traffic lane capacity in the peak travel direction for AM and PM rush hours.  Following this, in September 1927, a group of entrepreneurs proposed to fund the bridge privately. This later became the Brooklyn Queens Expressway, which was connected to the bridge via the Grand Central Parkway. Phone: (516) 358-7097 , The lift span is 55 feet (17 m) above mean high water in the "closed" position, but can be raised to 135 feet (41 m). The movable section is suspended by a total of 96 wire ropes, which are wrapped around pulleys with 15-foot (4.6 m) diameters. 's Crisis", The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York, Triborough Bridge historic overview at nycroads.com, Triborough Bridge, Passing through Queens, Manhattan & the Bronx, Queens, Queens County, NY, NYC Department of Transportation (NYCDOT), NYS Department of Transportation (NYSDOT), 64th United States Attorney General, 1961–1964, United States senator from New York, 1965–1968, Senate Committee investigation of Labor and Management, Bedford Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation. A public benefit corporation chartered by the State of New York.  Still, by 1940, the Triborough Bridge was the most profitable crossing operated by the TBA. "Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Bridge [Triborough Bridge]" in, National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark, List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in New York, National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York, National Register of Historic Places listings in Queens County, New York, National Register of Historic Places listings in Bronx County, New York, "Triborough Bridge Playground B Highlights : NYC Parks", "Bridge Will Speed Up Traffic; Breaking Down Barriers That Have Impeded the Flow In and Out of New York, It Is Part of a Vast and Growing Road System", "The Triborough Bridge Is Taking Shape; Work Is Expected To Start This Year On The Great Towers Beside Hell Gate", "200,000 Rush to Use New Bridge By Auto, Bus, Cycle and on Foot; Presidential Party First to Drive Over , "Ickes Names Green Project Engineer; Appointee Will Supervise Triborough Bridge And Hudson Tunnel Construction", "Triborough Bridge Progress Is Rapid; Structure Will Link Boroughs of Manhattan, Queens and the Bronx", "Deconstructing the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge", "2014 Traffic Data Report for New York State", New York State Department of Transportation, "A Triborough Giant Flings Out Its Steel Arms", "FAST TRAVEL OVER BRIDGE; Triborough Route Will Provide Steady Run Without Lights", "Cashless Tolls Arrive on RFK Triboro Bridge", "NYC's last remaining toll booths are removed from bridges and tunnels", "Open road tolling closes gate on era at NYC-area crossings", "From the B&T Archive: The Robert Moses Building", "Proposed Triborough Bridge Across The Harlem And East Rivers, Connecting Manhattan, Bronx, And Queens Boroughs", "Proposed Triborough Bridge Over Harlem And East Rivers", "Tri-Boro Bridge is "Uncalled For", Says Lindenthal", "Bridge Plan Opposed. The Triborough Bridge is made of four segments.  Lehman also signed bills to clear land for a bridge approach in the Bronx, and he promised to resume construction of the bridge. In 1969, the Manhattan span's toll plaza was relocated west and the I-278 toll plaza was relocated south, and both toll plazas were expanded more than threefold. The viaducts cross Randalls and Wards Islands, which were previously two islands but are now joined by landfill.  All of these roads would be part of an interconnected parkway system that would allow cars to move smoothly through the New York City area.  In April 1929, the New York state legislature voted to approve the Tri-Borough Bridge as well as a prison on Rikers Island before adjourning for the fiscal year.
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