bartók string quartet 6
2 & 3; Bartók: String Quartets Nos. 5, No. Each of its four movements begins with the same theme and the same expressive designation: mesto, meaning “sadly”. 1 offer from $18.00. 7), String Quartet No. 4: Modernism, Bartók & Kodály: The Complete String Quartets, Beethoven: String Quartets, Op. 1- Béla Bartók: String Quartets Nos. It was under these circumstances that Bartók completed his string quartet in November of 1939. His mother died in December. Is this music a strange and terrible commentary on the “Dance with Death” Bartók’s mother was engaged in while he composed the quartet? 67, BB 75 (Op. The works he composed in the United States include the Concerto for Orchestra, the Third Piano Concerto, the Sonata for Solo Violin, and the Viola Concerto. Is Bartók attempting to portray his fellow Hungarians, going about their lives, eating, dancing and singing while Hitler and Stalin reduce Poland to a slag heap? 6 which was his last string quartet, and is in four movements. This is accompanied by high trills from the violins and harsh, guitar-like strumming on the viola. Thank you very much for this beautiful write-up. The Sixth Quartet was the last work he would complete in his native Hungary. The return of the march is bizarre, with extremely high octave doubling from the first violin and a filling out of the implied triadic harmonies which create an ironic, hallucinatory effect. The subsequent Marcia is bitter and ironic, and the "Scotch snap" rhythm is prominent. Daring in virtuosity, vigorous in interpretation, and spellbinding in effect, the Takács Quartet has recorded one of the truly great sets of Bartók's monumental String Quartets (6), seldom matched and surely never surpassed. 40, BB 52 (Op. The second theme is a folk-like melody, with a prominent "Scotch snap" rhythm. Audio CD. Set off by the melancholy introductory theme, they illumine its grief without dispelling it. But within the context of the entire quartet, and following on the heels of its Mesto introduction, this grotesque becomes quite ominous. Given when this music was composed – during the fall of 1939 – the message here is pretty much impossible to miss. 6 in late August of 1939. The fact is, Bartók is satirizing his own Hungarian musical roots, and by association, the politics of his Hungarian nation. 4 in C major, Sz. You see, in 1937, to Bartók’s horror, Hungary negotiated a non-aggression pact with Hitler. Adolf Hitler came to power when he was appointed German Chancellor – the head of the government – on January 30, 1933. Along with his friend and colleague Zoltán Kodály, Bartók received a questionnaire from the newly Nazified publishing house, asking him about his ancestry and allegiance: “Are you of German blood, a related race, or non-Aryan?”, “Of course neither I nor Kodály filled it out: such inquisitions are contrary to right and law. The second theme moves within a narrow intervallic range, evoking the Arabic melodies Bartók collected in North Africa. 17), String Quartet No. Hungarian composer Bela Bartok [1881-1945] wrote six string quartets. Béla Bartók – pianist, composer, Hungarian patriot and a resident of the Hungarian capitol of Budapest – observed the rise of Nazism with undisguised revulsion. Robert Greenberg | Copyright © 2020 All Rights Reserved. And remember: the March and the Hungarian “parody” music is introduced with the heartfelt sadness of the Mesto introduction, as if Bartók is saying to us, “listen: I’ve a sad tale to tell, a tale of small, bestial men and betrayal”. Entitled “Burletta” (which means “Burlesque”), the movement begins and ends with clownish, almost joking music, in which the violins are asked, alternately, to purposely play a ¼ tone flat: Taken by itself, this music might seem merely crude and perhaps a bit silly. Bartók’s disgust with the politics of his Hungarian nation is well illustrated by the following passage from his will, written soon after the completion of his String Quartet No. And the fourth movement, in which that theme is called upon for almost all the material, is pervaded by despair. For example, the ‘cello – playing at the very top of its range – is awkward and out-of-tune with the harmonies around it; and the strumming viola doesn’t quite line up with the other instruments. The middle section suspends the propulsive march as the cello rhapsodizes, cadenza-like, on a variation of the second theme. 85, BB 93: II. 4.2 out of 5 stars 21. Back then to the second movement of Bartók’s String Quartet No. Bartók's last completed quartet exemplifies the composer's continuing search for new forms, … Over it might be written: Lasciate ogni speranza voi ch’entrate – “Abandon all hope ye who enter here.”. 4.5 out of 5 stars 12. There would be no stopping him and his twisted regime until his death eleven years later, in April of 1945. His first American apartment was in Queens, in Forest Hills; his last was at 309 West 57th Street, just a few blocks from Carnegie Hall. It was there that he lived – in “comfortable exile”, as he would say – and it was at Manhattan’s West Side Hospital that he died, on September 26, 1945 at the age of 64. Some background. 6 was written in early 1939, at a very dark time in his personal life and in history. Among the rewards for signing the pact Hungary received some bits and pieces of Czechoslovakia when it was dismembered by Germany in 1938. 91, BB 95, String Quartet No. $108.02. Movements 1 and 4 take their expressive lead from this introductory Mesto, so at its outer ends – the first and last movements – the quartet plumbs a level of deep, spiritual sadness. Bartók left for the United States almost immediately. By Béla Bartók. The "mesto" introduction to the second movement is in two-part counterpoint, the cello stating the melody accompanied by upper strings in a tremolando counter-melody. The cello ends it all with a question mark, plucked chords based on the "mesto" motto. The first theme dominates the development, which is fairly strenuous and darker in mood. In hearing this stellar ensemble play, one is struck not so much by Bartók's unusual musical details or his myriad technical devices -- the quartets are practically a bible of advanced string techniques -- but instead, the listener is treated to "big-picture" interpretations that emphasize the shape of the movements and their relations to each other as coherent musical structures. Bartók’s sixth string quartet is one of his most deeply expressive and personal works. 3 and 4 -- sound utterly natural, transparently structured, and deeply communicative. Bartók began composing his String Quartet No. 1 in A minor, Sz. Béla Bartók: Intégrale des quatuors à Cordes, Béla Bartók: The String Quartets (1954 Stereo), Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon, The RIAS Amadeus Quartet Recordings, Vol. Bartók’s String Quartet No. Next. Joking aside, Bartók’s bitterness was clear. By August of 1934, Hitler had outlawed all opposition political parties and assumed the mantle of the German presidency and Supreme Commander of the armed forces. 5 & 6, Bartók: String Quartets Nos.
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