5 greek scientists
It is Plato’s Socrates that also made important and lasting contributions to the fields of epistemology and logic, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains strong in providing a foundation for much western philosophy that followed. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Many consider Democritus to be the “father of modern science.”. (384 BCE–322 BCE) A great early Greek scientist who made many types of research in the natural sciences including botany, zoology, physics, astronomy, chemistry, meteorology and geometry. Carl Sagan on ancient Greek mathematician Eratosthenes. Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria, and lived in the 5th century BC (c. 484 BC – c. 425 BC). His teachings were not strictly confined to what we know as philosophy, but also included common issues like rules on living, what daily food to eat and so on. He’s a veteran and world record holder for most banned accounts on Yahoo Answers and a keen photographer. Leucippus and Democritus 11. An example of this could be one of the surviving works of Archimedes, The Method, which explains how mechanical experiments can help the understanding of geometry. Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) Scottish biologist who discovered penicillin. He has been called the “Father of History,” and was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent, and arrange them in a well-constructed and vivid narrative. Also, Thales was the first person known to have studied electricity. Eratosthenes, in full Eratosthenes of Cyrene, (born c. 276 bce, Cyrene, Libya—died c. 194 bce, Alexandria, Egypt), Greek scientific writer, astronomer, and poet, who made the first measurement of the size of Earth for which any details are known. Violatti, Cristian. Aristotle (384 BCE–322 BCE) A great early Greek scientist who made many types of research in the natural sciences including botany, zoology, physics, astronomy, chemistry, meteorology and geometry. In the first place, the way the major premise works. Earlier estimates of the circumference of Earth had been made (for example, Aristotle says that “some mathematicians” had obtained a value of 400,000 stadia), but no details of their methods have survived. Anaximander 3. Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, to the throne in 336 BC after Philip was assassinated. At a time when human knowledge was still far too generalized, he broke down this knowledge into distinct categories such as ethics, biology, mathematics, and physics – a classification pattern still used today. Greek Scientists. Heraclitus 6. In his only known work, the aptly titled poem On Nature, he tries to unravel the biggest question of all: Is it or is it not? The Histories — his masterpiece and the only work he is known to have produced — is a record of his “inquiry” (or ἱστορία historía, a word that passed into Latin and took on its modern meaning of history), being an investigation of the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars and including a wealth of geographical and ethnographical information. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Thales of Miletus gets the top spot on this list for representing a pivotal point in ancient Greek philosophy from which subsequent generations of famous thinkers, theorists, dialectics, meta physicists, and philosophers sprouted. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. As one recent commentator has put it, Plato, the idealist, offers “an idol, a master figure, for philosophy. There is a widespread argument which states that the coexistence of Greek art, philosophy, mysticism, and other non-scientific disciplines interacting together with science has interfered with the development of scientific ideas. In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. The Greeks, when necessary, looked at nature to get the answers they were looking for, but they still considered that the highest type of knowledge was the one derived directly from the intellect. Discovered radiation and helped to apply it in the field of X-ray. For almost 3,000 years, the epic of Homer have inspired writers and artists around the world. The Epicurean of Epicurus. Why should we accept the major premise without question? A Saint, a prophet of the ‘Sun-God,’ a teacher condemned for his teachings as a heretic.”. Thales of Miletus, c. 600 BCE first developed the idea that the world can be explained without resorting to supernatural explanations. Socrates 12. Mathematicians from Alexandria read and quoted him, but the first comprehensive compilation was not made until c. 530 AD by Isidore of Miletus, while commentaries on the works of Archimedes, written by Eutocius in the 6th century AD, opened them to wider readership for the first time. His research in electricity and kinetics laid the foundation for quantum physics. Socrates was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Another obstacle for Greek science was the notion of an 'ultimate truth'. Anaximander, another Ionian, argued that since human infants are helpless at birth, if the first human had somehow appeared on earth as an infant, it would not have survived. Discovered Carbon and Chlorine. The Greeks developed philosophy as a way of understanding the world around them, without resorting to religion, myth, or magic. Eratosthenes died in his 80s in Alexandria, Egypt. The latter remains a commonly used tool in a wide range of discussions, and is a type of pedagogy in which a series of questions are asked not only to draw individual answers, but also to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand. He propounded multiple paradoxes himself, which were debated among later generations of philosophers. Mathematician, Engineer, Inventor, Physicist, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 13 Jun 2013. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. Anaximander reasoned that people must, therefore, have evolved from other animals whose young are hardier. He was undefeated in battle, and is considered one of history’s most successful commanders. Aristotle was the first philosopher who developed a systematic study of logic, an early form of evolution was taught by such figures of Greek philosophy as Anaximander and Empedocles, and Pythagoras' mathematical theorem is still used today. At that point his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.
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